Khalil, Munawar ORCID:, Stuhr, Marleen ORCID:, Kunzmann, Andreas ORCID: and Westphal, Hildegard ORCID: (2024) Simultaneous ocean acidification and warming do not alter the lipid-associated biochemistry but induce enzyme activities in an asterinid starfish. Science of The Total Environment, 932 . p. 173000. DOI

[img] Text
Khalil2024.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0.

Download (3MB)


Ocean acidification and warming affect marine ecosystems from the molecular scale in organismal physiology to broad alterations of ecosystem functions. However, knowledge of their combined effects on tropical-subtropical intertidal species remains limited. Pushing the environmental range of marine species away from the optimum initiates stress impacting biochemical metabolic characteristics, with consequences on lipid-associated and enzyme biochemistry. This study investigates lipid-associated fatty acids (FAs) and enzyme activities involved in biomineralization of the tropical-subtropical starfish Aquilonastra yairi in response to projected near-future global change. The starfish were acclimatized to two temperature levels (27 °C, 32 °C) crossed with three pCO2 concentrations (455 μatm, 1052 μatm, 2066 μatm). Total lipid (ΣLC) and FAs composition were unaffected by combined elevated temperature and pCO2, but at elevated temperature, there was an increase in ΣLC, SFAs (saturated FAs) and PUFAs (polyunsaturated FAs), and a decrease in MUFAs (monounsaturated FAs). However, temperature was the sole factor to significantly alter SFAs composition. Positive parabolic responses of Ca-ATPase and Mg-ATPase enzyme activities were detected at 27 °C with elevated pCO2, while stable enzyme activities were observed at 32 °C with elevated pCO2. Our results indicate that the lipid-associated biochemistry of A. yairi is resilient and capable of coping with near-future ocean acidification and warming. However, the calcification-related enzymes Ca-ATPase and Mg-ATPase activity appear to be more sensitive to pCO2/pH changes, leading to vulnerability concerning the skeletal structure.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA4
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Geoecology & Carbonate Sedimentology
Ecology > Experimental Aquaculture
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
ISSN: 00489697
Date Deposited: 13 May 2024 07:46
Last Modified: 13 May 2024 07:46

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item