Höller, Jannik ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7406-3205, Fiévet, Romain and Härter, Jan O. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8617-3847 (2024) Detecting Cold Pool Family Trees in Convection Resolving Simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 16 (1). DOI https://doi.org/10.1029/2023MS003682.

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Recent observations and modeling increasingly reveal the key role of cold pools in organizing the convective cloud field. Several methods for detecting cold pools in simulations exist, but are usually based on buoyancy fields and fall short of reliably identifying the active gust front. The current cold pool (CP) detection and tracking algorithm (CoolDeTA), aims to identify cold pools and follow them in time, thereby distinguishing their active gust fronts and the “offspring” rain cells generated nearby. To accomplish these tasks, CoolDeTA utilizes a combination of thermodynamic and dynamical variables and examines the spatial and temporal relationships between cold pools and rain events. We demonstrate that CoolDeTA can reconstruct CP family trees. Using CoolDeTA we can contrast radiative convective equilibrium (RCE) and diurnal cycle CP dynamics, as well as cases with vertical wind shear and without. We show that the results obtained are consistent with a conceptual model where CP triggering of children rain cells follows a simple birth rate, proportional to a CP's gust front length. The proportionality factor depends on the ambient atmospheric stability and is lower for RCE, in line with marginal stability as traditionally ascribed to the moist adiabat. In the diurnal case, where ambient stability is lower, the birth rate thus becomes substantially higher, in line with periodic insolation forcing—resulting in essentially run-away mesoscale excitations generated by a single parent rain cell and its CP.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA2
Research affiliation: Integrated Modelling > Complexity and Climate
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2023MS003682
ISSN: 1942-2466
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2024 08:42
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2024 08:42
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/5357

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