Sun, Xiangyu, Zhang, Jingjing, Li, Hongliang, Zhu, Yong, He, Xingju, Liao, Yibo, Jiang, Zhibing, Shou, Lu, Wang, Zhiwen, Jennerjahn, Tim C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1022-5126 and Chen, Jianfang (2023) Coastal eutrophication driven by long-distance transport of large river nutrient loads, the case of Xiangshan Bay, China. Science of The Total Environment, 912 . p. 168875. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.168875.

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Abstract

With accelerating anthropogenic activities, the overloading of land-derived nutrients and the resultant eutrophication are threatening coastal aquatic habitats worldwide. In semi-enclosed coastal bays, eutrophication is always considered a local problem that can be mitigated by nutrient reduction at a regional scale. However, as the main nutrient drains major global river discharges can have far-reaching effects over hundreds of kilometers alongshore, which are usually not precisely recognized in local coastal zone management. Here, we first quantified the contributions from both local and remote nutrient sources in Xiangshan Bay (XSB), a eutrophic semi-enclosed bay in China 200 km south of the mouth of the Changjiang River (CJR, the world's third largest river), employing a salinity-based conservative mixing model. We found that the nutrients in Xiangshan Bay were mainly supplied by intruded coastal water fed by CJR discharge, contributing 63 % of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), 65 % of dissolved silicon (DSi), and 49 % of dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) during the summer of 2017, and 75 % of DIN, 75 % of DSi and 60 % of DIP during the winter of 2019. Additionally, long-term interannual trends in the nutrient concentrations of XSB were generally synchronous with those of the downstream portion of the CJR, indicating that CJR discharge seems to be a strong driver of the eutrophication observed in XSB. In contrast, the impact of local nutrient inputs, such as riverine sewage drainage, aquaculture, biogenic activities, and elemental recycling, was much lower and was regionally limited to the inner bay. Interestingly, the DIP contributions of the local and remote sources were similar, indicating the greater relevance of the internal process. Overall, to mitigate eutrophication in large river-adjacent coastal bays, the inter-regional united practices for nutrient source regulation and ecosystem restoration should be permanently applied along the entire river basin-estuary-coastal continuum.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA3
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Ecological Biogeochemistry
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.168875
ISSN: 00489697
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2023 15:05
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2023 15:05
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/5296

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