Sguotti, Camilla, Färber, Leonie and Romagnoni, Giovanni (2022) Regime Shifts in Coastal Marine Ecosystems: Theory, Methods and Management Perspectives. In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. . Elsevier BV, Amsterdam. ISBN 9780124095489 DOI

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Regime shifts are large-scale and often abrupt ecosystem reorganizations, caused mostly by the impact of multiple stressors. These shifts are characterized by changing ecosystem state, with the new state being persistent and thus difficult to reverse. Regimes shifts have repercussions on the full socio-ecological system with important implications for management. Coastal marine ecosystems are especially prone to such dynamics since they are impacted strongly by anthropogenic and natural drivers. Here, we describe and discuss regime shifts in marine coastal ecosystems. We firstly review the theoretical framework of regime shifts. Then, we show examples of regime shifts based on three management pillars: prevention, restoration, or adaptation. Furthermore, we highlight emergent issues and challenges for management implementation, and we provide a structured multi-step approach for detecting regime shifts. With global climate change, incorporating regime shifts in management should be a priority in order to maintain marine ecosystems and their services.

Document Type: Book chapter
Programme Area: PA1
Research affiliation: Integrated Modelling > Resource Management
Affiliations > Not ZMT
DOI etc.:
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2023 09:00
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2023 09:00

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