Kopprio, Germán A., Luyen, Nguyen D., Cuong, Le Huu, Duc, Tran Mai, Fricke, Anna, Kunzmann, Andreas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9500-4332, Huong, Le Mai and Gärdes, Astrid (2021) Insights into the bacterial community composition of farmed Caulerpa lentillifera : A comparison between contrasting health states. MicrobiologyOpen, 10 (6). DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.1253.

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The bacterial communities of Caulerpa lentillifera were studied during an outbreak of an unknown disease in a sea grape farm from Vietnam. Clear differences between healthy and diseased cases were observed at the order, genus, and Operational Taxonomic Unit (OTU) level. A richer diversity was detected in the diseased thalli of C. lentillifera, as well as the dominance of the orders Flavobacteriales (phylum Bacteroidetes) and Phycisphaerales (Planctomycetes). Aquibacter, Winogradskyella, and other OTUs of the family Flavobacteriaceae were hypothesized as detrimental bacteria, this family comprises some well-known seaweed pathogens. Phycisphaera together with other Planctomycetes and Woeseia were probably saprophytes of C. lentillifera. The Rhodobacteraceae and Rhodovulum dominated the bacterial community composition of healthy C. lentillifera. The likely beneficial role of Bradyrhizobium, Paracoccus, and Brevundimonas strains on nutrient cycling and phytohormone production was discussed. The bleaching of diseased C. lentillifera might not only be associated with pathogens but also with an oxidative response. This study offers pioneering insights on the co-occurrence of C. lentillifera-attached bacteria, potential detrimental or beneficial microbes, and a baseline for understanding the C. lentillifera holobiont. Further applied and basic research is urgently needed on C. lentillifera microbiome, shotgun metagenomic, metatranscriptomic, and metabolomic studies as well as bioactivity assays are recommended.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA1
Research affiliation: Ecology > Experimental Aquaculture
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.1253
ISSN: 2045-8827
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2022 12:01
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2022 12:01
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4968

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