Rixen, Tim, Wit, Francisca, Hutahaean, Andreas A., Schlüter, Achim, Baum, Antje, Klemme, Alexandra, Müller, Moritz, Pranowo, Widodo Setiyo, Samiaji, Joko and Warneke, Thorsten (2022) Carbon cycle in tropical peatlands and coastal seas. In: Science for the Protection of Indonesian Coastal Ecosystems (SPICE). . Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 83-142. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815050-4.00011-0.

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Abstract

This chapter provides background information on peat and more specifically on Indonesian peatlands and their role in the global carbon cycle and summarizes information on human-induced CO2 emissions caused by peat oxidation and fires. In contrast to these so-called on-site CO2 emissions, not much was known about off-site CO2 emissions prior to the joint Indonesian–German project Science for the Protection of Indonesian Coastal Ecosystems (SPICE). Off-site CO2 emissions are CO2 emissions caused by the mobilization of peat carbon along the land–ocean continuum, which were studied by us in the framework of SPICE. Our results allowed us to establish comprehensive carbon budgets showing that peatland preservation and restoration are crucial measures to combat global warming and mitigate climate change impacts caused. e.g., by sea level rise. Furthermore, we conducted socioeconomic experiments and used the established carbon budget to demonstrate the economic conflict that arises between restoration and transformation of peatlands into plantations.

Document Type: Book chapter
Programme Area: PA2
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Carbon and Nutrient Cycling
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Social Sciences > Institutional and Behavioural Economics
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815050-4.00011-0
Date Deposited: 04 May 2022 12:54
Last Modified: 04 May 2022 12:54
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4904

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