Moosdorf, Nils, Böttcher, Michael Ernst, Adyasari, Dini, Erkul, Ercan, Gilfedder, Benjamin S., Greskowiak, Janek, Jenner, Anna-Kathrina, Kotwicki, Lech, Massmann, Gudrun, Müller-Petke, Mike, Oehler, Till, Post, Vincent, Prien, Ralf, Scholten, Jan, Siemon, Bernhard, Ehlert von Ahn, Cátia Milene, Walther, Marc, Waska, Hannelore, Wunderlich, Tina and Mallast, Ulf (2021) A State-Of-The-Art Perspective on the Characterization of Subterranean Estuaries at the Regional Scale. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9 . pp. 1-26. DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2021.601293.

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Abstract

Subterranean estuaries the, subsurface mixing zones of terrestrial groundwater and seawater, substantially influence solute fluxes to the oceans. Solutes brought by groundwater from land and solutes brought from the sea can undergo biogeochemical reactions. These are often mediated by microbes and controlled by reactions with coastal sediments, and determine the composition of fluids discharging from STEs (i.e., submarine groundwater discharge), which may have consequences showing in coastal ecosystems. While at the local scale (meters), processes have been intensively studied, the impact of subterranean estuary processes on solute fluxes to the coastal ocean remains poorly constrained at the regional scale (kilometers). In the present communication, we review the processes that occur in STEs, focusing mainly on fluid flow and biogeochemical transformations of nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon, sulfur and trace metals. We highlight the spatio-temporal dynamics and measurable manifestations of those processes. The objective of this contribution is to provide a perspective on how tracer studies, geophysical methods, remote sensing and hydrogeological modeling could exploit such manifestations to estimate the regional-scale impact of processes in STEs on solute fluxes to the coastal ocean.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area (enter as: PA1/PA2/PA3/PA4/PA5): PA3
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Submarine Groundwater Discharge
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2021.601293
ISSN: 2296-6463
Date Deposited: 19 May 2021 15:07
Last Modified: 19 May 2021 15:07
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4576

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