Benestan, L, Fietz, K, Loiseau, N, Guerin, PE, Trofimenko, E, Rühs, S, Schmidt, C, Rath, W, Biastoch, A, Perez-Ruzafa, A, Baixauli, P, Forcada, A, Arcas, E, Lenfant, P, Mallol, S, Goñi, R, Velez, L, Höppner, M, Kininmonth, S, Mouillot, D, Puebla, O and Manel, S (2021) Restricted dispersal in a sea of gene flow. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288 (1951). p. 20210458. DOI https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.0458.

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Abstract

How far do marine larvae disperse in the ocean? Decades of population genetic studies have revealed generally low levels of genetic structure at large spatial scales (hundreds of kilometres). Yet this result, typically based on discrete sampling designs, does not necessarily imply extensive dispersal. Here, we adopt a continuous sampling strategy along 950 km of coast in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea to address this question in four species. In line with expectations, we observe weak genetic structure at a large spatial scale. Nevertheless, our continuous sampling strategy uncovers a pattern of isolation by distance at small spatial scales (few tens of kilometres) in two species. Individual-based simulations indicate that this signal is an expected signature of restricted dispersal. At the other extreme of the connectivity spectrum, two pairs of individuals that are closely related genetically were found more than 290 km apart, indicating long-distance dispersal. Such a combination of restricted dispersal with rare long-distance dispersal events is supported by a high-resolution biophysical model of larval dispersal in the study area, and we posit that it may be common in marine species. Our results bridge population genetic studies with direct dispersal studies and have implications for the design of marine reserve networks.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area (enter as: PA1/PA2/PA3/PA4/PA5): PA1
Research affiliation: Affiliations > Not ZMT
Ecology > Fish Ecology and Evolution
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.0458
ISSN: 0962-8452
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 19 May 2021 14:38
Last Modified: 19 May 2021 14:38
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4575

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