Islam, Jakiul, Slater, Matthew James and Kunzmann, Andreas ORCID: (2020) What metabolic, osmotic and molecular stress responses tell us about extreme ambient heatwave impacts in fish at low salinities: The case of European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Science of The Total Environment, 749 . p. 141458. DOI

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Unprecedented shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns in recent decades place multiple abiotic stressors on the fish. In teleosts, metabolic, osmoregulatory, and molecular potential as tolerance responses to extreme ambient heatwave events at different salinities are poorly understood. The study was performed to evaluate the physio-biochemical stress responses and acclimation potential of European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax maintained at four different salinities followed by an extreme ambient heatwave exposure. Fish were kept at 32, 12, 6, and 2 psu for 35 days followed by a simulated extreme ambient heatwave (33 °C) exposure for 10 days. Fish growth performances, physio-biochemical and molecular responses were recorded. Fish acclimated at 32 and 2 psu exhibited significantly (p < 0.05) decreased growth performance. Serum [Na+] and [Cl−] ions were significantly lowered (p < 0.05) in 32 psu fish on day 10 of heatwave exposure. While serum glucose, triglycerides, and protein tended to decrease during the extreme ambient heatwave exposure, lactate content increased significantly (p < 0.05) in 32 psu fish on day 10. In 32 and 2 psu fish, serum metabolic enzymes, and cortisol levels increased significantly (p < 0.05) during the extreme heatwave exposure. On days 5 and 10, HSP70 mRNA was significantly (p < 0.05) upregulated in kidneys and gills of 32 and 2 psu fish, while Igf1 showed downregulation. In gills of 2 psu fish, ATPase Na+/K+-α1 and NKCC1 expression decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in 2 psu, in contrast, significant upregulation was observed at 32 psu fish during extreme ambient heatwave exposure. On days 5 and 10, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance (CFTR) upregulation was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in 32 and 2 psu fish. Results suggest that European seabass held at 12 and 6 psu water fare better physiological fitness during the tested extreme ambient heatwave event (33 °C), providing possible insights into options for future aquaculture management in a warming environment.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA1
Research affiliation: Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
ISSN: 00489697
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 13:24
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 09:48

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