Yuwono, E., Jennerjahn, Tim C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1022-5126, Nordhaus, Inga, Riyanto, E. A., Sastranegara, M. H. and Pribadi, R. (2007) Ecological status of Segara Anakan, Indonesia: A mangrove-fringed lagoon affected by human activities. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, 4 (1). pp. 61-70.

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Segara Anakan is a mangrove-fringed shallow coastal lagoon in south central Java, Indonesia, which is of high ecological and economic value because of its richness and diversity in living natural resources. The economic demands of a growing population, however, strongly alter environmental conditions which affect the ecology of the living resources and ultimately the ecological balance and economic potential of the region. Preliminary results of recent investigations in conjunction with available information from the past decades indicate an increasing deterioration of environmental conditions, particularly through high riverine sediment inputs in the western part of the lagoon, oil pollution in the eastern part and high inputs of effluents from agriculture throughout the entire lagoon. The destruction of mangroves mainly through illegal logging leads to habitat changes which affect the ecology of organisms, particularly of economically important species. Benthic organisms are as diverse as in other tropical regions. Abundances are extremely high in the central lagoon, but lower by two orders of magnitude in the eastern part which is affected by the effluents of an oil refinery. Developing measures for the sustainable management of the lagoon’s living resources requires an integrated understanding of ecosystem functions and their changes related to human activities and climate change. The multidisciplinary German – Indonesian SPICE (Science for the Protection of Indonesian Coastal Marine Ecosystems) research programme is designed to obtain the necessary information in high temporal and spatial resolution.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: UNSPECIFIED
Research affiliation: Ecology > Mangrove Ecology
Biogeochemistry and Geology > Ecological Biogeochemistry
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2020 13:37
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2024 13:30
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/3541

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