Oxmann, J. F., Pham, Q. H. and Lara, R. J. (2008) Quantification of individual phosphorus species in sediment: a sequential conversion and extraction method. European Journal of Soil Science, 59 (6). pp. 1177-1190. DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2008.01062.x.

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Abstract

Common sequential phosphorus (P) extraction methods are not specific to particular chemical species and have several limitations. This work presents the first chemical method for quantification of individual mineral and sorbed P species. It was developed by combining a conversion technique with a sequential extraction procedure. Mangrove sediments with different characteristics were incubated in pH‐adjusted 0.01 M CaCl2 with and without reference material additions of octacalcium phosphate (Ca8H2(PO4)6·5H2O; OCP), hydroxyapatite (Ca5(PO4)3OH), strengite (FePO4·2H2O) or variscite (AlPO4·2H2O). The changes in soluble phosphate concentration were measured in the supernatant solution, while pH‐induced variations in P composition were determined by subsequent sequential extraction of the sediments. Dissolved phosphate concentration was controlled by adsorption below pH 7.8. Above this pH, soluble phosphate concentration was governed by OCP, which was qualitatively determined by plotting the experimental values of pH + pH2PO4 and pH – 0.5 pCa on a solubility diagram including the isotherms of known crystalline phosphate compounds. In contrast to the often‐predicted slow dissolution rate of crystalline phosphates in soils or sediments, drastic changes in P composition by dissolution, precipitation and adsorption processes were detected after 7 days. These were mainly not observed indirectly by changes in dissolved phosphate through adsorption effects, but were determined quantitatively by subsequent sequential extraction, thus enabling the quantification of individual species. Evaluation of the method was performed by standard addition experiments. Besides P species quantification, the method provides the means for other applications, such as the determination of P mineral dissolution kinetics in soils and sediments, the prediction of P composition in changing environmental settings and the refinement of theoretical models of phosphate solubility in soil and sedimentary environments.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2008.01062.x
ISSN: 13510754
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 17:30
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:00
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/3504

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