Islam, Md Jakiul, Kunzmann, Andreas, Bögner, Mirko, Meyer, Achim, Thiele, Rajko and James Slater, Matthew (2020) Metabolic and molecular stress responses of European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax at low and high temperature extremes. Ecological Indicators, 112 . p. 106118. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106118.

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Abstract

Extreme water temperatures related to global climate change represent a significant challenge in terms of fish welfare and aquaculture productivity. Understanding the effect of more frequent and extended extreme temperature events on physiological responses, growth performance and other production-relevant parameters of major aquaculture species are essential for developing suitable mitigation methods and assuring future production. Fish were exposed to 8 °C, 16 °C, 24 °C and 32 °C to evaluate the extreme ambient temperatures effect on growth performance, physiological, biochemical and molecular responses of juvenile European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Fish exposed to 8 °C and 32 °C for 30 days exhibited significantly lower final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate, survival rate, and temperature growth coefficient (p < 0.05) compared to 16 °C and 24 °C. Hepatosomatic index (HSI), viscera somatic index (VSI), intestine somatic index (ISI) and spleen somatic index (SSI) were significantly (p < 0.05) lower in fish at 8 °C and 32 °C at day 30. Plasma [Na+] and [Cl−] ion concentrations were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in fish reared at 8 °C at day 10, 20 and 30. Plasma triglycerides, lactate, cortisol were significantly (p < 0.05) increased, while plasma glucose, protein and liver energy storage showed the inverse trend in 8 °C and 32 °C reared fish at day 10, 20 and 30. Heat shock proteins (HSP70) gene was significantly (p < 0.05) up-regulated in the dorsal muscle and kidney tissue of fish reared at 8 °C and 32 °C at day 10, 20 and 30. Whereas Interleukin 1β (IL-1β) gene exhibited a similar, but less regular expression with upregulation at day 10 across all four temperature treatments. Insulin growth factor 1 (Igf1) relative expression was decreased significantly in fish reared in 8 °C and 32 °C than in 16 °C and 24 °C at day 10, 20 and 30. European seabass exhibits significant physiological, biochemical and gene expression alterations and marked performance reduction during extreme temperatures of 8 °C and 32 °C. None of the repeatedly measured parameters in the current study indicated a capacity for compensation by physiological adaptation over periods of 10, 20 or 30 days.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA1
Research affiliation: Infrastructure > Biology Laboratory
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Ecology > Experimental Aquaculture
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106118
ISSN: 1470160X
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2020 11:18
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2021 12:50
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/3335

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