Rixen, Tim, Baum, Antje, Sepryani, Harni, Pohlmann, Thomas, Jose, Christine and Samiaji, Joko (2010) Dissolved oxygen and its response to eutrophication in a tropical black water river. Journal of Environmental Management, 91 (8). pp. 1730-1737. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.03.009.

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The Siak is a typical, nutrient-poor, well-mixed, black water river in central Sumatra, Indonesia, which owes its brown color to dissolved organic matter (DOM) leached from surrounding, heavily disturbed peat soils. We measured dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and oxygen concentrations along the river, carried out a 36-h experiment in the province capital Pekanbaru and quantified organic matter and nutrient inputs from urban wastewater channels into the Siak. In order to consider the complex dynamic of oxygen in rivers, a box-diffusion model was used to interpret the measured data. The results suggest that the decomposition of soil derived DOM was the main factor influencing the oxygen concentration in the Siak which varied between ∼100 and 140 μmol l−1. Additional DOM input caused by wastewater discharges appeared to reduce the oxygen concentrations by ∼20 μmol l−1 during the peak-time in household water use in the early morning and in the early evening. Associated enhanced nutrient inputs appear to reduce the impact of the anthropogenic DOM by favoring the photosynthetic production of oxygen in the morning. A reduction of 20 μmol l−1, which although perhaps not of great significance in Pekanbaru, has strong implications for wastewater management in the fast developing areas downstream Pekanbaru where oxygen concentrations rarely exceed 20 μmol l−1.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: UNSPECIFIED
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Carbon and Nutrient Cycling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.03.009
ISSN: 03014797
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 16:32
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:00
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/3001

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