Tigabu, Y., Degefu, F., Lakew, A. and Tesfaye, Gashaw (2011) Development of small scale fish farming: a means for livelihood diversification in North Showa zone, Amhara Regional. In: Impact of climate change and population on tropical aquatic resources. Proceedings of the Third International Conference of the Ethiopian Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Association (EFASA). , ed. by Lemma, B. and Getahun, A.. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. 67-83.

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Abstract

Aquaculture is the rational cultivation of aquatic organizms in a confined water area where the practice of both agriculture and animal husbandry are applicable. The predominant type of aquaculture activity in Ethiopia is the culture based fishery that involve enhancement of the natural fish biomass in multipurpose small water bodies. The other types of fish culture practices, such as pond, cage and integrated aquaculture-agriculture farming systems using the preferred fish species are recently emerging. Therefore, present study aims at identifying the potential small water bodies which are suitable for aquaculture development and initiate fish culture practices in the zone so as to improve the livelihood of the society. The study was conducted from September 2004 to August 2008 in Northern Showa Zone, Amhara region and covered three administrative woredas including Basona Worana, Kewet and Efratana Gdem. Both secondary and primary data were used in this study. The study included survey of existing water bodies, water sample collection and laboratory analysis, fish stocking and monitoring of fish growth. Fingerlings of Nile tilapia and tilapia zilli were stocked with a stocking density of 2 fish/ m 2 and harvested 182 kg fish after eight months. By using the pond water and mud the local farmers achieved producing vegetables and seeds of trees which gave them revenue of 1500 birr in one season from 250 m2 area plot of land. Through integration of fish farming with agriculture the farmers has got an improvement in all indictors of sustainability including net income, resource management and number of cultured and utilized commodity. The study result also indicates that properly designed rural aquaculture technology can help to achieve social development, environmental sustainability and improve livelihoods of the society.

Document Type: Book chapter
Research affiliation: Theoretical Ecology and Modelling > Resource Management
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 14:08
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:00
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/2954

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