Reuter, Hauke, Breckling, Broder and Jopp, Fred (2011) Individual-based models. In: Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics. , ed. by Jopp, F., Reuter, Hauke ORCID: and Breckling, B.. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 163-178. ISBN 978-3-642-05028-2 DOI

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This chapter will describe the category of models that represent the behaviour and interaction of distinct individuals with specific properties. Models of this type can become very complex, but have the advantage that model structures operate on a low level of abstraction and represent ecological relations in a form similar to empirical assessment. Individual-based models facilitate studies of emergent properties, where characteristics of higher level entities like populations or communities can be generated on the basis of single actions of particular individuals. They allow to simultaneously investigate energetic and physiological aspects, behaviour, and relations to other organisms and heterogeneous environmental structures. As a technical background, object-oriented programming is frequently used for this model approach. This chapter introduces the conceptual background and describes two case studies, one that investigates spatial aspects of a predator–prey interaction, and a second one which depicts community interactions of Northern Scandinavian small mammals with oscillating population dynamics.

Document Type: Book chapter
Programme Area: UNSPECIFIED
Research affiliation: Integrated Modelling > Spatial Ecology and Interactions
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 13:30
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2024 13:29

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