Ellner, Steve P., Mora, Camilo, Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio, Ayala Bocos, Arturo, Ayotte, Paula M., Banks, Stuart, Bauman, Andrew G., Beger, Maria, Bessudo, Sandra, Booth, David J., Brokovich, Eran, Brooks, Andrew, Chabanet, Pascale, Cinner, Joshua E., Cortés, Jorge, Cruz-Motta, Juan J., Cupul Magaña, Amilcar, DeMartini, Edward E., Edgar, Graham J., Feary, David A., Ferse, Sebastian C.A., Friedlander, Alan M., Gaston, Kevin J., Gough, Charlotte, Graham, Nicholas A. J., Green, Alison, Guzman, Hector, Hardt, Marah, Kulbicki, Michel, Letourneur, Yves, López Pérez, Andres, Loreau, Michel, Loya, Yossi, Martinez, Camilo, Mascareñas-Osorio, Ismael, Morove, Tau, Nadon, Marc-Olivier, Nakamura, Yohei, Paredes, Gustavo, Polunin, Nicholas V. C., Pratchett, Morgan S., Reyes Bonilla, Héctor, Rivera, Fernando, Sala, Enric, Sandin, Stuart A., Soler, German, Stuart-Smith, Rick, Tessier, Emmanuel, Tittensor, Derek P., Tupper, Mark, Usseglio, Paolo, Vigliola, Laurent, Wantiez, Laurent, Williams, Ivor, Wilson, Shaun K. and Zapata, Fernando A. (2011) Global Human Footprint on the Linkage between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in Reef Fishes. PLoS Biology, 9 (4). e1000606. DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000606.

[img] Text
Ferse 2011.PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0.

Download (523kB)

Abstract

Difficulties in scaling up theoretical and experimental results have raised controversy over the consequences of biodiversity loss for the functioning of natural ecosystems. Using a global survey of reef fish assemblages, we show that in contrast to previous theoretical and experimental studies, ecosystem functioning (as measured by standing biomass) scales in a non-saturating manner with biodiversity (as measured by species and functional richness) in this ecosystem. Our field study also shows a significant and negative interaction between human population density and biodiversity on ecosystem functioning (i.e., for the same human density there were larger reductions in standing biomass at more diverse reefs). Human effects were found to be related to fishing, coastal development, and land use stressors, and currently affect over 75% of the world's coral reefs. Our results indicate that the consequences of biodiversity loss in coral reefs have been considerably underestimated based on existing knowledge and that reef fish assemblages, particularly the most diverse, are greatly vulnerable to the expansion and intensity of anthropogenic stressors in coastal areas.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Affiliations > Not ZMT
Social Sciences > Social-Ecological Systems Analysis
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000606
ISSN: 1545-7885
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2019 11:37
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:00
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/2879

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item