Hajati, Mithra‐Christin, Sutanudjaja, Edwin and Moosdorf, Nils (2019) Quantifying Regional Fresh Submarine Groundwater Discharge With the Lumped Modeling Approach CoCa‐RFSGD. Water Resources Research, 55 (7). pp. 5321-5341. DOI https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR024248.

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Abstract

Fresh Submarine Groundwater Discharge (FSGD) has been increasingly recognized as a fresh water resource and potential path for pollutants to the ocean. Since directly measuring FSGD requires great effort and is currently only feasible at local scale, we developed the regional transient water balance model Coastal Catchment Regional FSGD (CoCa‐RFSGD) to calculate daily FSGD at long stretches of coastlines. The conceptualization of the model takes into account the main processes between soil and aquifer, and, depending on the research question, in situ data, as well as anthropogenic processes, can be added to the water balance. It provides daily FSGD per coastal catchment. Within this model, FSGD is the precipitation surplus of the catchment area minus surface runoff, which highly correlates with the top soil water‐holding capacity and less with soil hydraulic conductivities. The model uses the island of Java, Indonesia, as an example. Java generates a total FSGD of 15.27 km3/a. Extrapolating the identified correlation of top soil water‐holding capacity and precipitation surplus on FSGD to the world highlights Indonesia, Vietnam, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Columbia as potential FSGD hot spots. Using mean global aquifer hydraulic conductivities might underestimate the seasonal variation of FSGD on Java. The model can be applied anywhere in the world to locate regional FSGD hot spots without obtaining in situ data, because it can run solely with global data sets. Hence, it is especially feasible for the locations mentioned. Furthermore, FSGD studies can be supplemented with this model by upscaling point measurements of FSGD to a full year.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Submarine Groundwater Discharge
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR024248
ISSN: 0043-1397
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2019 13:23
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 12:59
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/2691

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