Plass-Johnson, J. G., McQuaid, C. D. and Hill, J. M. (2015) The effects of tissue type and body size on δ13C and δ15N values in parrotfish (Labridae) from Zanzibar, Tanzania. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31 (4). pp. 633-637. DOI

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Differences between the stable isotopic ratios (δ13C and δ15N) of two tissues (blood and muscle) from four species of East African coral reef parrotfishes (family: Labridae, tribe: Scarini) were analysed across a broad spectrum of body sizes. Comparison of isotopic ratios between the tissues allowed the assessment of using blood as an alternative tissue to muscle. In 2010–2011, constant differences between tissues (δblood minus δmuscle) were found across a broad range of sampled fish lengths. Linear relationships between the tissues, specific for an isotope, indicate that constants could be generated for converting blood isotope into muscle isotope values. Only one species, Chlorurus sordidus, displayed an inconsistent difference between tissues in δ15N, indicating that this ratio was dependent on fish length. The δ13C of both tissues was positively related linearly to fish length for three species, while δ15N showed no relationship with body length. The results are interpreted as indicating dietary consistency over days to weeks, the time of tissue turnover for blood and muscle, respectively. Lastly, differences among the species, even closely related species, show that the generation of tissue conversion constants is species‐specific.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: UNSPECIFIED
Research affiliation: Ecology > Algae and Seagrass Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
ISSN: 01758659
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2019 11:25
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 12:59

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