Baum, Gunilla, Kusumanti, Ima, Breckwoldt, Annette, Ferse, Sebastian C A, Glaser, Marion, Dwiyitno, Dwiyitno, Adrianto, Luky, van der Wulp, Simon and Kunzmann, Andreas (2016) Under pressure: Investigating marine resource-based livelihoods in Jakarta Bay and the Thousand Islands. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 110 (2). pp. 778-789. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.05.032.

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Abstract

Jakarta Bay, next to the Jakarta Metropolitan Area with around 30 million inhabitants, is facing extreme pollution. Although local coral reefs are degraded and marine resources heavily exploited, they provide livelihoods for millions of people. This study investigates anthropogenic pressures on local fisheries resources and associated livelihoods. Questionnaire surveys were conducted in 15 coastal communities (10 coastal neighborhoods in Jakarta Bay on the mainland and 5 of the offshore Thousand Islands). The most economically valuable species were Caesio cuning (Redbelly yellowtail fusilier) on the islands and Rastrelliger kanagurta (Indian mackerel) on the mainland. Over 80% of all interviewed fishermen regarded the current state of marine resources as declining, mainly due to pollution and overexploitation. While perceptions of declining resources were equally high on the islands and the mainland, pollution was listed as the principal cause of degradation significantly more on the mainland. Findings are discussed in the context of coastal livelihood vulnerability.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Ecology
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Ecology > Experimental Aquaculture
Social Sciences > Social-Ecological Systems Analysis
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.05.032
ISSN: 0025326X
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 13:10
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 12:59
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/2253

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