Abed, Raeid M. M., Tamm, Alexandra, Hassenrück, Christiane, Al-Rawahi, Ahmed N., Rodríguez-Caballero, Emilio, Fiedler, Sabine, Maier, Stefanie and Weber, Bettina (2019) Habitat-dependent composition of bacterial and fungal communities in biological soil crusts from Oman. Scientific Reports, 9 (1). DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42911-6.

[img] Text
Hassenrück et al 2019a.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0.

Download (3MB)


Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) occur within drylands throughout the world, covering ~12% of the global terrestrial soil surface. Their occurrence in the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula has rarely been reported and their spatial distribution, diversity, and microbial composition remained largely unexplored. We investigated biocrusts at six different locations in the coastal and central deserts of Oman. The biocrust types were characterized, and the bacterial and fungal community compositions of biocrusts and uncrusted soils were analysed by amplicon sequencing. The results were interpreted based on the environmental parameters of the different sites. Whereas at lowland sites, mainly cyanobacteria-dominated biocrusts were observed, both cyanobacteria- and lichen-dominated biocrusts occurred at mountain sites. The majority of bacterial sequences (32–83% of total sequences) belonged to Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes, whereas fungal sequences belonged to Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Chytridiomycota (>95%). With biocrust development, a notable increase in cyanobacterial and decrease in actinobacterial proportions was observed for cyanobacteria-dominated crusts. In coastal areas, where salinity is high, biocrusts were replaced by a unique marine mat-like microbial community, dominated by halotolerant taxa. Redundancy analysis revealed a significant contribution of soil texture, cover type, carbon content, and elevation to the variations in bacterial and fungal communities. Multivariate analysis placed microbial communities in significantly separated clusters based on their carbon content, elevation and electrical conductivity. We conclude that Oman hosts a variety of cyanobacteria- and lichen-dominated crusts with their bacterial and fungal communities being largely dictated by soil properties and environmental parameters.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: UNSPECIFIED
Research affiliation: Biogeochemistry and Geology > Tropical Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42911-6
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 10:20
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2024 13:28
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/2034

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item