Döring, J, Neumann, S. I., Sloterdijk, Hans and Ekau, Werner (2017) Seasonal growth differences of larval Hyporhamphus picarti (Hemiramphidae) in the Sine Saloum estuary, Senegal. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 34 (1). pp. 97-102. DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13528.

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Abstract

The African halfbeak Hyporhamphus picarti (Hemiramphidae) is one of the most abundant species within the ichthyoplankton community of the Sine Saloum estuary (Senegal). A year‐round occurrence of larvae suggests that the Sine Saloum is an important spawning habitat for this species. Annual fluctuations in water temperature, however, can have severe impacts on the survival probabilities of marine fish larvae. To determine whether temperature has an effect on the growth of H. picarti during its larval development, larval age at length and somatic growth rates were investigated for two contrasting spawning seasons in 2014: February (cold season, 20.8°C) and June (warm season, 26.4°C). In both months H. picarti larvae were sampled at the mouth of the Saloum River using neuston nets. Sagittal otoliths’ increments were counted to estimate the larva age at a given standard length (SL). The age of larvae ranged between 2 and 22 days, with SL of 3.86–21.68 mm, respectively. In order to describe larval age at length during the contrasting spawning seasons, two distinctive Gompertz functions were applied. Accordingly, specimens sampled in June (0.94 ± 0.17 mm per day) exhibited significantly higher somatic growth rates than those sampled in February (0.60 ± 0.06 mm per day). These findings suggest that water temperature is an important factor influencing larval growth in H. picarti. Information concerning the early life stages of H. picarti are scarce and the results of the present study may contribute to a better understanding of the species’ biology and ecology.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Ecology > Experimental Aquaculture
Ecology > Fisheries Biology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13528
ISSN: 01758659
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2019 11:34
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 12:58
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/1960

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