Farag, Mohamed A., Al-Mahdy, Dalia A., Meyer, Achim ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4345-274X, Westphal, Hildegard ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7324-6122 and Wessjohann, Ludger A. (2017) Metabolomics reveals biotic and abiotic elicitor effects on the soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi terpenoid content. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00527-8.

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The effects of six biotic and abiotic elicitors, i.e. MeJA (methyl jasmonate), SA (salicylic acid), ZnCl2, glutathione and β-glucan BG (fungal elicitor), and wounding, on the secondary metabolite accumulation in the soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi were assessed. Upon elicitation, metabolites were extracted and analysed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). Except for MeJA, no differences in photosynthetic efficiency were observed after treatments, suggesting the absence of a remarkable stress on primary production. Chemometric analyses of UPLC-MS data showed clear segregation of SA and ZnCl2 elicited samples at 24 and 48 h post elicitation. Levels of acetylated diterpene and sterol viz., sarcophytonolide I and cholesteryl acetate, was increased in ZnCl2 and SA groups, respectively, suggesting an activation of specific acetyl transferases. Post elicitation, sarcophytonolide I level increased 132 and 17-folds at 48 h in 0.1 mM SA and 1 mM ZnCl2 groups, respectively. Interestingly, decrease in sarcophine, a major diterpene was observed only in response to ZnCl2, whereas no change was observed in sesquiterpene content following treatments. To the best of our knowledge, this study provides the first documentation for elicitation effects on a soft corals secondary metabolome and suggests that SA could be applied to increase diterpenoid levels in corals.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: UNSPECIFIED
Research affiliation: Infrastructure > Biology Laboratory
Biogeochemistry and Geology > Geoecology & Carbonate Sedimentology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00527-8
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2019 13:27
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2024 13:28
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/1719

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