Perry, C. T., Lange, I. D. and Stuhr, Marleen ORCID: (2023) Quantifying reef-derived sediment generation: introducing the SedBudget methodology to support tropical coastline and island vulnerability studies. Cambridge Prisms: Coastal Futures . DOI

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Standardized methodologies for assessing reef-derived sediment generation rates do not presently exist. This represents a major knowledge gap relevant to better predicting reefderived shoreline sediment supply. The census-based SedBudget method introduced here generates estimates of sediment composition and grain-size production as a function of the abundance and productivity of the major sediment generating taxa at a reef site. Initial application of the method to several reefs in the northern Chagos Archipelago, Indian
Ocean, generated total sediment generation estimates ranging from (mean±SE) 0.7±0.1 to 4.3±1.3 kg CaCO3 m-2 yr-1. Sediment production was dominated by parrotfishes (>90% at most sites), with site-variable secondary contributions from sea urchins (up to 20%), endolithic sponges (~1-7%) and benthic foraminifera (~0.5-3.5%). These taxa-level contributions are predicted to generate sediments that at all sites are coral- (83-94%) and crustose coralline algae-dominated (range ~5-12%). Comparisons between these estimates
and sedimentary data from proximal reef and island beach samples generally show a high degree of consistency, suggesting promise in the SedBudget approach. We conclude by outlining areas where additional datasets and revised methodologies are most needed to improve production rate estimates, and hope that the methodology will stimulate research on questions around sediment production, transport and shoreline maintenance.

Document Type: Article
Programme Area: PA3, PA2
Research affiliation: Affiliations > Not ZMT
Biogeochemistry and Geology > Geoecology & Carbonate Sedimentology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.:
Related URLs:
Projects: ChagosSand
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 07:50
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2023 07:50

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