Murunga, Michael (2018) Collective action and fisheries conflict: a multi-tier diagnosis of fisheries co-management outcomes in Kenya. (Master thesis), ZMT, Bremen, 117 pp.

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Abstract

Fisheries co-management in Kenya, practiced through the Beach Management Units (BMUs) is highly intertwined in a web of complexity involving social, ecological and institutional purview with different facets. Recently, research on BMUs has focused on understanding essential patterns of interactions and contextual factors influencing collective action, locally, for effective decision making, whilst minimizing prospects for fisheries-related conflicts. Collective action constitutes an essential lens at broadening the knowledge of how BMUs working in the same ecological seascape arrive at dissimilar social and ecological outcomes by allowing for diagnosis of fisher cooperation and fisheries-related conflicts. The aim of this study was to understand how same co-management policy (i.e. the BMU) applied in three communities working in the same seascape arrive at dissimilar social and ecological outcomes. Subsequent to this, the study applied qualitatively, integrating Bennett’s conflict typology into Ostrom’s social-ecological systems (SES) diagnostic framework, to examine the interplay between collective action and conflict at influencing co-management outcomes within BMUs. Ostrom’s SES framework allows researchers to compare different cases, using a range of potential explanatory variables, while taking into account the influence of history and context. This study, found several variables, i.e. social capital, in particular trust, leadership, market dynamics, technology available and past experiences as highly influential to explain co-management effectiveness and lack thereof, between BMUs in the Gazi-Vanga seascape. Further, the findings showed how a historical-institutional contexts of collective action has been important in understanding current dynamics fisheries-related conflict and ineffectiveness within BMUs. The study shows how a sequence of early events (cooperation, conflict) have potential to alter the contexts of future decision making among resource actors. So, in order to address ineffectiveness facing BMUs in the Gazi-Vanga seascape multiple variables have to be considered.

Document Type: Thesis supervision (Master thesis)
Thesis supervisor: Partelow, Stefan and Breckwoldt, Annette
Research affiliation: Social Sciences > Social-Ecological Systems Analysis
Social Sciences > Institutional & Behavioural Economics
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2020 16:18
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:01
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4203

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