Engel, Julian (2018) Perception modelling of sustainable development in Daanbantayan (Philippines) - Is dive tourism a solution?. (Master thesis), ZMT, Bremen, 71 pp.

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The Philippines, residing within the coral triangle, harbor extensive and biodiverse small-island ecosystems. However, destructive fishing practices, e.g. shark and dynamite fishing, have decreased ecosystem functions and services. On Malapascua Island, shark tourism generates higher revenue than extractive uses of the ecosystem. These economic benefits lead to local discussions on the potential for alternative livelihoods. In this study fuzzy-logic cognitive mapping (FCM), was used to analyze the perceptions of individuals and groups within and across four stakeholder groups (Tourists, Businesses, and Fisherfolk from Mala-pascua and Cebu) either with direct or intrinsic use value towards marine resources. A total of 53 (63 interviewees) interviews and 99 Maps (188 interviewees) were constructed. Our findings suggest tourism is perceived in general as a solution to reduce destructive fishing practices. FCM analysis indicated that tourism is related to environmental awareness, marine conservation, economic benefits and alternative livelihoods in the islands community. How-ever, tourism is also perceived to negatively impact the island, for example the natural water reservoir is overexploited and contaminated. An increase in pollution threatens the social-ecological system to collapse. Temporary (e.g. fishing and tourism) or permanent migrations to Malapascua are partly responsible for the pollutants and also create additional stressors (e.g. resource use and divers’ impacts). A potential management strategy emerged from the analysis of the perceived benefits and pressures. Especially regulations towards illegal fish-ing and resource limitations could potentially be enhanced with the allocation of tourism op-erations to the larger neighboring island of Cebu. This shift may not be a solution to overuse and resource depletion, but creates opportunities through user diversification and ideally compensates the community by providing new livelihoods. The analysis suggests that the implementation of this management strategy can only be successful, if stakeholder participa-tion, community-based management and law enforcement are incorporated. If effectively managed, decentralization of tourism for pressure and benefit distributions could have a po-tential for comparable tourism operations in the Philippines and around across the region.

Document Type: Thesis supervision (Master thesis)
Thesis supervisor: Fujitani, Marie, Breckwoldt, Annette and Sotto, Dr. Filipina B.
Research affiliation: Affiliations > Not ZMT
Social Sciences > Institutional & Behavioural Economics
Social Sciences > Social-Ecological Systems Analysis
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2020 16:18
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:01
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4201

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