Schwenke, Theresa and Holzkämper, Eike (2018) Social and Social - ecological networks in environmental governance and sustainability related fields. [Talk] In: XXIII International Conference Society for Human Ecology (SHE) "Navigating complexity: human-environmental solutions for a chalenging future". , 7 - 10 July 2018, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal .

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Abstract

During the Anthropocene, the growing impact of human activities leads to challenges like climate change, ecosystem and resource degradation and results in increased vulnerability of the coastal poor. These challenges, which will intensify over the upcoming decades, have to be accounted for in management and governance of natural resources. The salient question is how human activities can be steered towards more socially, ecologically and economically sustainable practices. One method increasingly gaining attention is Social Network Analysis (SNA), a tool developed to investigate the structure of social systems rather than the attributes of their components. SNA has been “booming” for nearly three decades by now (Freeman 2004) and was adopted in many fields. During the process of method development an area of network science emerged that includes ecological entities. The analysis of social and social ecological networks (SEN) contributed to improve knowledge on human –nature interactions with some intriguing discoveries during the past decades. In this article, we investigate how SNA and SENA became a tool for analyzing the management and governance of coastal and marine social ecological systems (CM-SES) conservation and how they are applied today. Which methods are used and what kind of methodological issues (data collection strategies, accounting for biases) have to be considered in addressing human - nature systems? We document the growth of SNA and SENA in CM - SES by counting the number of published articles between the earliest record (1992) and today (2018). By employing a citation network analysis, we examine which studies are central within this field of research, which are the “hubs” and “authorities” (review papers and highly cited papers). Additionally, we identify the milestones that have been achieved so far regarding the question how SNA can inform environmental governance.
In conclusion, we provide a research agenda addressing the following questions:
1) Which themes in environmental governance can SNA and SENA help to explore?
2) How could SNA and SENA be further developed and adapted to the particularities of CM-SES management and governance issues?

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Programme Area (enter as: PA1/PA2/PA3/PA4/PA5): PA2
Research affiliation: Social Sciences > Social-Ecological Systems Analysis
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2020 12:18
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:01
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4176

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