Kitolelei, Salanieta (2019) Re-establishing the real “imaginary” baseline: Traditional Ecological Knowlede (TEK) as a basis for assessing the conservation status of marine keystone species in Fiji.. (Doctoral thesis/PhD), The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, n.a. pp.

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Abstract

Older fishers in Fiji have reported significant declines in their fisheries resources compared to when they were young and fishing with their forefathers. They attribute this to overfishing, use attributed to destructive fishing methods, and habitat degradation, including destruction of spawning areas. Another driver of the declining catches may be attributed to the removal of keystone species from fishing areas. In the literature, keystone species are those species on which other multiple organisms rely, and which if removed, can cause cause trophic cascades andthe collapse of ecosystems and trophic cascade. In Fiji, fishers in both freshwater and marine environments are equipped with traditional environmental knowledge (TEK) passed down by older fishers who have used this knowledge for cneturies. Sadly TEK, which is a foundation for sustainable fishing, is not being transmittedto a younger generation of fishers and is being lost..

Consequently, this TEK needs to be documented as a basis for assessing the conservation status of, and conserving marine biodiversity for the benefit of future generations, and that. TEK of fishers can inform future policies for fisheries governance.. Finally, fishers need to be made aware of the impacts of environmental, social and climate changes on future livelihoods, and how the application TEK is perhaps the most pratable way of addressing these threat .
I this context, this project aims at using TEK of fishers in Fiji to assess the conservation status of keystone fisheries species, natural and cultural drivers that have negatively impacted them, and actions that can be taken to conserve, sustainably use or restore these keystone species. The research will focus on both freshwater and coastal fisheries in Fiji and make comparisons between different environments and fishers knowledge and resources collected from selected communities in Fiji. TEK combined with the most up-to-date scientific knowledge can provide improved understanding of the conservation status of both ecologically and culturally important keystone species and actions that are needed to conserve them.

Document Type: Thesis supervision (Doctoral thesis/PhD)
Thesis supervisor: Piovano, Dr Susanna, Veitayaki, Prof. Dr. Joeli, Thamann, Prof. Dr. Randy and Breckwoldt, Annette
Programme Area (enter as: PA1/PA2/PA3/PA4/PA5): PA4
Research affiliation: Social Sciences > Social-Ecological Systems Analysis
Affiliations > Not ZMT
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2020 16:15
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 13:01
URI: http://cris.leibniz-zmt.de/id/eprint/4068

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